She’s fiery, she’s feisty, she’s flawless. And she turns 48 today.
Naomi Campbell is the world’s most famous black supermodel with one of the longest careers of anyone still working in the industry today. In fact, you can still find her on the catwalk at Louis Vuitton menswear or Versace, hosting a party in honor of the opening of Maison Alaïa, introducing Rihanna at Madison Square Garden, or gracing our TV screens on Empire.
The list of Campbell’s career accomplishments goes on ad infinitum, and her career is so sprawling that it can be hard to know which thread to pull first. In the first installment of Savoir Flair’s new The Evolution of a Supermodel series, we shine a spotlight on one of the most enduring legacies in the entire industry.
Born in Streatham, South London in 1970 to a Jamaican-born dancer, Campbell was raised around the creative arts. She accompanied her mother across Europe with her dance troupe Fantastica at an early age and entered the Barbara Speake Stage School when she was three.
At the age of only seven, Naomi Campbell was featured in Bob Marley’s music video for Is This Love, all but sealing her fate as someone destined for the spotlight. By ten, she had been accepted to the Italia Conti Academy of Theatre Arts, where she studied ballet.
At 15, she was discovered by the head of London-based modeling agency Synchro, and was quickly signed to Eileen Ford after that. At 16, she landed a coveted magazine cover and modeled for dozens of campaigns, but the catwalk was right around the corner.
Big Break: 1987
Campbell’s big break came in 1987 at the age of 17, when she walked for buzzy young designer Marc Jacobs at New York Fashion Week wearing little more than a bath towel. She then landed a spot on Yves Saint Laurent’s Couture catwalk, quickly becoming a fixture at YSL shows.
First NYFW Catwalk: Marc Jacobs, 1987
First Couture Catwalk: Yves Saint Laurent, 1987
Early Model Moments
Campbell is considered to have one of the best walks in modeling history. Her leggy, confident stride – served with a side of attitude – makes her one of the most compelling figures on the runway. Her extraordinary physique and head-turning personality have had designers lining up to book her for their ad campaigns and runway shows. In the 90s, she was a fixture at Azzedine Alaïa, Anna Sui, Chanel, Fendi, and Versace.
But it wasn’t all rosy for the fierce and fiery Campbell, who cited moments of bigotry and discrimination that made booking jobs difficult at times. In an essay penned for The Guardian, Campbell said, “When I started out, I wasn’t being booked for certain shows because of the color of my skin. I didn’t let it rattle me. From attending auditions and performing at an early age, I understood what it meant to be black. You had to put in the extra effort. You had to be twice as good.”
Fortunately, at the start of her career, Campbell became close friends with fellow supermodels Christy Turlington and Linda Evangelista – the three would soon be referred to in the industry as “The Trinity”. Turlington and Evangelista were instrumental in Campbell career, often insisting that Campbell be booked alongside them in certain shows – kind of like the present-day inclusion rider encouraged by the #TimesUp movement.
“Freedom! ‘90” was both a fashion and pop culture phenomenon. As a hit single by pop star George Michael and the theme of Gianni Versace’s Fall/Winter 1990 show, it was connected by a squad of supermodels more glamorous than the world had ever seen before.
Campbell, Evangelista, and Turlington starred alongside Tatjana Patitz and Cindy Crawford in the music video, and subsequently danced arm-in-arm to the tune down Versace’s catwalk, making for one of fashion’s most iconic catwalk moments.
Although some argued that Campbell’s success peaked in the ’90s, that is by no means true. In the 2000s, she enjoyed a thriving career as one of the world’s biggest supermodels and a Victoria’s Secret Angel. She was a regular at Julien Macdonald, Elie Saab, Dolce & Gabbana, Tommy Hilfiger, Dior, and Yves Saint Laurent. However, it was during this time that the notoriously hot-headed supermodel’s struggles with drugs became public and she became embroiled in controversy, including several lawsuits for which she served her public-service hours decked out defiantly in furs and fedoras.
She elected to go to rehab for addiction treatment, emerging better than ever. In an interview with TIME’s editor-in-chief Nancy Gibbs, Campbell said, “I worked so much, and at the beginning I never took a break ever. Finally, I said ‘I want it to go away’ and I chose to pick up the phone and make that call, and I chose the place I wanted to go.” An inspiration to many in recovery, she remains active in Narcotics Anonymous, encouraging young people to seek treatment.
Campbell’s modern career proves the evolution of the legendary supermodel – from catwalk queen and cover girl to activist and TV actress. Over the years, she has become outspoken about the lack of diversity in the fashion industry and, in 2013, she joined Iman and Bethann Hardison in an advocacy group called Diversity Coalition that petitioned governing bodies at Fashion Weeks around the world to include more models of color in their shows. Additionally, she has worked with multiple charitable organizations through the course of her career, raising money for breast-cancer awareness, poverty in Brazil, the Haiti earthquake, terrorist attacks in Mumbai, and maternal health.
Campbell’s present-day career also involves the occasional television stint. First, she appeared on screen in American Horror Story: Hotel and now has a recurring role on Empire. Recently, Campbell was tapped for the Versace supermodel comeback and Gianni Versace tribute collection. She has also walked for Louis Vuitton menswear and Dolce & Gabbana’s special Alta Moda Spring/Summer 2018 show.